The time it took to do so? The mail was supposed to reach the postal station in 24 days but it often took several months to get delivered. The first air mail service in the United States, however, was conducted at the aviation meeting at Nassau Boulevard, Long Island, N. Y., during the week of September 23 to 30, 1911. Mail delivery initially was performed on foot or horseback by messengers or people who were doing a friend or acquaintance a favor. Letters were also only delivered to addresses in about 40 cities, for an extra charge, of course. Residents in many smaller towns and rural areas in the United States do not receive residential mail delivery from the USPS. It was a good move, since many of these men accepted posts and brought with them their knowledge and expertise, along with useful information and documents relating to the postal service. In 1971, an act of Congress turned the Post Office Department into the United States Postal Service, a government-owned company expected to generate enough revenue to pay for itself. In response, Postmaster General Montgomery Blair ordered the delivery of mails to the South to stop. Under the auspices of the U.S. Post Office, an airmail operation was launched in 1918 as a wartime effort to stimulate aircraft production and to generate a pool of trained pilots. All heart. Thanks to the improvement of the mail delivery system to rural areas, Americans began to enjoy more conveniences, demanding for a means to deliver small packages of medications, food, dry goods, tobacco and other items that were not readily available to them. Because colonists needed to send mail back to England, the first official postal service was established in 1639 when the General Court of Massachusetts designated Richard Fairbanks' tavern in Boston as the official mail drop for overseas parcels [source: USPS]. The first contract that would allow an automobile to carry mail was entered into in 1901. In 1930, over 10,000 iron horses were utilized to ensure that mail reached its destination, regardless of how big or small the village, town or city was. Families, groups and individuals moved along trails in Sante Fe, Oregon and Mormon on wagon trains. Many passengers lost their lives through disease, pestilence, hunger and ambushes but it didn’t stop the pioneers. | Wholesale Residential and Commercial Mailboxes, USPS Access/Approved vs Private Access/Use, A Comprehensive Commercial Mailbox Buyer’s Guide, The Beginning of the United States Postal System, How the United States Post Office Helped Develop Transportation, The US Railway Mail Service: How the Iron Horse Made History, The Post Office Service Role in the US Confederate States, Improve Employee Satisfaction With Workplace Lockers, Secure and Simple: The Ultimate Guide to Choosing Business Mailboxes, How the Perfect Mailbox Can Transform Your Space into Beautiful Apartments, Security Mailboxes 101: Your Locking Mailbox Questions Answered, 6 Factors to Consider When Choosing Mailboxes for Businesses, 7 Common Questions about Commercial Mailbox Guidelines, Customer Service Hours: Mon-Fri 8am-5pm CST. With the discovery of gold in California, people flocked to the colony to prospect. By 1813, the Post Office was already using steamboats to bring mail to post towns that were difficult to reach by road. Because roads had to be good to be used for mail delivery, local governments began spending to build bridges and construct highways, linking Americans everywhere. Other routes were established thereafter. In 1926, the first flight by a commercial airmail plane occurred and commercial airlines began to take over. Trains were used beginning in 1831, 7 years before railroads were even considered post roads. Significant Dates ›Stamps and Postcards ›Postage Rates and Historical Statistics ›Photo Galleries ›Postal People ›Moving the Mail ›Delivering the Mail and More ›Post Offices and Facilities ›Uniforms and Equipment ›Additional Resources ›Awards ›, See our 144-page illustrated book The United States Postal Service: An American History. Pheidippides, a courier, ran this … By 1890, mail was already being delivered to residents of cities in the United States by over 450 post offices. By the end of the war, the amount had reached the billion-dollar mark. Prior to establishing the United States postal service, mail was delivered by friends and unofficial messengers. Banking on the postal service Long before the operations of the legendary Pony Express, trains were the main mode of transportation for mail. At the heart of the mailing industry is the U.S. In North America, the mail system began in the late 1600s when mail was carried by friends, merchants, and Native Americans. Informed Delivery provides eligible residential consumers with a digital preview of their household's incoming mail scheduled to arrive soon. Although the residential mailbox was already useful then, it wasn’t until 1923 when it became mandatory for each household to have a mailbox or at least a letter slot. After the seat of government was transferred to Washington, DC in 1800, the office was moved there as well. About 2 weeks later, Montgomery Blair was appointed as the Postmaster General of the United States. Mail delivery using trains were used to service short routes. * Users can view greyscale images of the exterior, address side of incoming letter-sized mailpieces (not the inside contents) via email or an online dashboard. U.S. postal system established On July 26, 1775, the U.S. postal system is established by the Second Continental Congress, with Benjamin Franklin as its first postmaster general. The Parcel Post Parcel post was establi… 1775 - Benjamin Franklin appointed first Postmaster General by the Continental Congress 1847 - U.S. postage stamps issued 1855 - Prepayment of postage required 1860 - Pony Express began 1863 - Free city delivery began 1873 - U.S. postal cards issued 1874 - General Postal Union (now Universal Postal Union) established 1893 - First commemorative stamps issued 1896 - Rural free delivery began The implementation of a parcel post service was strongly opposed by merchants and express companies but rural residents comprised more than half of the population and were a potentially large market. In an attempt to solve the problem, semi-weekly deliveries were scheduled from Missouri to San Francisco, a 2,800-mile journey. And all powder coated paint finish colors are weather resistant, rust proof and corrosion resistant providing decades of extended life and use. Once again, it was the Post Office Department who would consider this new mode of transportation as an important tool for carrying mail. 1953–1974 "We are constantly evolving new and improved ways, methods and facilities to better perform our work and service." By 1832, contracts were granted to use rail transportation to move mail, in conjunction with stage services. In the more than two centuries since Benjamin Franklin was appointed our first Postmaster General in 1775, the Postal Service™ has grown and changed with America, boldly embracing new technologies to better serve a growing population. The United States Post Office USPO. Russell’s company was the Central Overland California and Pike’s Peak Express Company. In 1971, seven of these routes were terminated. Deliveries were accompanied by route agents who ensured that mails were exchanged and delivered. Franklin is credited for instituting the necessary improvements to make the postal service more efficient and many of his changes are still being implemented today. 7 days, 17 hours. The laws and other regulations regarding the nation’s post offices were codified in October 1782. Postal Service required that mailboxes for homes were big enough to make room for letter envelopes and magazines and be sturdy enough to withstand the weather and regular wear and tear. Initially, only letter mail was sorted on the postal cars but by 1869, other types of mail were also sorted. The Pony Express Airmail HISTORY OF THE RURAL FREE MAIL DELIVERY IN THE UNITED STATES. The problem was that the bulk of correspondences were meant for England. In the year 1911 demonstrations of airplane mail service were made in India, England and the United States. It was in 1673 when Governor Francis Lovelace created a monthly post between New York and Boston. §101 (a). The Postal Service is at the core of the $1.4 trillion United States mailing industry that employs more than 7.5 million people. The RFD was implemented nevertheless and opened up great opportunities for developing the road and highway system of America. In mid-1961, a proclamation was issued by Reagan stating his intention to take control of the Confederate States’ postal service. The product catalogs from Montgomery Ward and Sears, Roebuck and Co. became one of the most coveted items in the mail. However, when things began to heat up in the 1760s, a much greater need arose for a more organized postal service. Digitally preview your letter-sized mail. The Horseless Wagon Births in the United States, 2018 Recent Trends in Vaginal Birth After Cesarean Delivery: United States, 2016–2018 Maternal Morbidity for Vaginal and Cesarean Deliveries, According to Previous Cesarean History: New Data From the Birth Certificate, 2013 pdf icon [PDF – 340 KB] National Mailboxes is a division of NMHP Inc.Mail: P.O. He later headed the Committee on Post Offices and Post Roads. We hope you enjoy exploring our rich history. It was designed in 1915 by an employee at the Post Office named Roy J. Joroleman, who was also an engineer. Deposits only decreased when banks began offering higher interest rates and insurance, along with high-interest savings products. Mail was also sent to California on land through the military who would travel to Santa Fe from Fort Leavenworth and back but even this didn’t make the delivery faster. The plan was to build relay stations and deliver mail by horse. Postal Service, which has delivered for America for more than two centuries. It wasn’t long before transit mail was being distributed on these post-office-on-wheels. These changes proved worthwhile — for the first time, the post office posted a profit. With stamps, it was no longer necessary to purchase postage from the local post office. This involved transporting mail from the post office in Buffalo, New York to the postal office located in the grounds of the Pan American Exposition. By late 1914, Congress approved the use of a dedicated motor vehicle exclusively for postal delivery. After the 1958 Transportation Act was passed, passenger trains carrying mail began to decline in popularity. It was also the Pony Express who would deliver the inaugural address of Abraham Lincoln in 1861. The implementation of a parcel post service was strongly opposed by merchants and express companies but rural residents comprised more than half of the population and were a potentially large market. This meant a great deal to many families living in farms, whose only means to communicate with other people and learn about the latest news was the mail that came in. The foundations of this service were laid in the European countries long before its experimental stage in the United States. At this time, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Texas and Louisiana had already seceded. That, coupled with the fact that 4 out of 5 households with Internet access now pay bills online, has left mail carriers out in the cold. The young riders were hired and the Pony Express was born, beginning its operations in 1860. By 1896, the newest mode of transportation, referred to as the horseless wagon was already being developed. The firs headquarters of the Post Office was established in Philadelphia. While private delivery companies flourished during the 19th century, the Parcel Post dramatically expanded the reach of mail-order companies to … The last, a post office that serviced the route from New York to Washington, DC ended its run in June 1977. By 1899, the Post Office had already tested the feasibility of utilizing the automobile for collecting mail in New York. Collecting mail To ensure some form of uniformity when it came to the common mailbox, the U.S. The delivery of mail and packages has a long and illustrious history, with records of the earliest postal services dating back to c.550BC, when we hear of the Persian system through the biography of Cyrus the Great (c.559-529 BCE) compiled by Greek author Xenophon. Reagan was a very capable head of the Confederate Post Office but problems continuously plagued the department. The Post Office pioneered and supported inventions that had the potential to move mail faster and more safely. For his troubles, Reagan was arrested but was eventually pardoned. In the more than two centuries since Benjamin Franklin was appointed our first Postmaster General in 1775, the Postal Service™ has grown and changed with America, boldly embracing new technologies to better serve a growing population. The Stourbridge, a locomotive built in England, made the first run in Hondesdale, Pennsylvania. By 1707, the North American postal service was run by the British government. The time it took for mail to arrive in Philadelphia from New York was cut in half. In the 19th century, dedicated stagecoaches were used to deliver the mail. Delivering the Mail Finally Reaches Clear Skies. When the Constitution was adopted in 1789, the Postmaster General office was established and the number of post offices and post roads increased. The system offered 2% interest p.a. When parcel became law, people across America used the service to mail thousands of items during its first week. The most common type of mailbox used for residences is the tunnel style. True. To provide a service to the growing population, a contract for mail delivery was signed by the Post Office with the Pacific Mail Steamship Co. By 1858, mail collection boxes began appearing in the streets of large cities. As of today, the USPS delivers the Amazon packages to most of the United States locations. This ensured that mails specified for a certain route will be delivered and not sent someplace else. Letters were instead folded and addresses written on the back of the paper. A second train, the Tom Thumb, became the first steam-powered locomotive to be used for delivery in 1830. Click here to request the Best Sellers Catalog via U.S. MailClick here to Download a Printable Version (pdf format). Transportation played a key role in ensuring quick and efficient mail delivery and with demand for better postal service increasing, the department needed to come up with a viable solution soon. Postmaster General & Executive Leadership Team. Rural Free Delivery (RFD) is a service that began in the United States in the late 19th century to deliver mail directly to rural farm families.Prior to RFD, individuals living in remote homesteads had to pick up mail themselves at sometimes distant post offices or pay private carriers for delivery (this fee was in addition to the postage paid by the mailer). In order to accommodate this demand, a mail drop was designated to allow a more organized means to send and receive letters. The privatization of airmail recovered from its last major hiccup and was folded into the mainstream of mail delivery ever more deeply over the next few decades. Good thing someone had the great idea to invent a sturdy receptable that would hold the world’s most important and earliest form of communication — the letter. 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